A Study of the Land Requisition Compensation Issue
|School||Chinese Geology University (Beijing)|
|Course||Environment and Resources Protection Law|
|Keywords||Land expropriation Compensation standards Fair compensation|
With the accelerated process of urbanization in China and the rapid development of the market economy, the rural collective land expropriation, land acquisition rate year after year, skyrocketing land prices, land requisition system still remained the original approach, a growing number of landless peasants living level not seen raising anti-reduce phenomenon led to many social problems. Especially to the problem of land requisition compensation, the government's land acquisition act and compensation to landless peasants, there are many problems, such as too broad scope of land requisition low, land compensation, land acquisition compensation fee allocation confusion landless peasants resettlement difficulties, farmers lose protection of life, petition, make a stir and events have occurred, and social conflicts in rural areas tend to intensify. The land issue and the issue of farmers has become the focus of attention in the community, and difficult problems. Promoting China's rural reform and modernization process, in order to stabilize the overall situation of rural development and building a harmonious society, establish and improve the existing land requisition system is imperative. The current compensation system does not take full account of the principle of a fair market, leading to the land acquisition compensation standard is difficult to adapt to the development of the market economy, can not guarantee the rights and interests of farmers. At the same time, the possibility of a major social problem of the landless farmers reasonable compensation and proper placement related to agricultural efficiency and rural incomes, rural stability, a direct impact on the development of urbanization. Therefore, the study of the problem of land requisition compensation, it is very urgent to seek just compensation. This paper attempts to study the problem of China's land requisition compensation system and procedures of land acquisition compensation range, land compensation, land acquisition and compensation, land acquisition and resettlement of farmers and the allocation and management of land compensation fees to provide some suggestions. As the focus of this article for the problems of land requisition compensation standards, based on the market price of the land requisition compensation standards advocate, proposed the establishment of land prices, ground attachments, the exercise price of the development of agricultural land and split the loss as the new land acquisition compensation standards specific content, in order to achieve the purpose of not only safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the landless farmers and the smooth implementation of protection of national construction projects. A Land Acquisition and Compensation Act \property rights interests. Change and the implementation of land acquisition compensation system is a complex and difficult process of absorption, while critical of the United States and other developed countries and regions of the land requisition compensation experience, we summarize and analyze China's current land acquisition and compensation issues, I believe, by the relevant state departments and the efforts of the majority of scholars, China's land requisition compensation system must be able to be a breakthrough perfect.