K Company’s Improving Planning and Forecasting for the Reasonable Allocation of Inventory
|School||Shanghai Jiaotong University|
|Keywords||demand forecasting inventory control ABC classification independence requirements non-independence of the demand inventory cost|
With the rapid development of China’s economy, improving people’s lives, the demand has gradually diversified and a large number. Each company’s products are diversification, short-cycle and continuous product development, accumulating inventory to meet the needs. Consequent increasing burden were added to enterprise. How to grasp the customer needs inventory under control has become an enterprise is key to success.This paper begins by describing the good demand forecasts and the importance of inventory control, and describes the forecasting and inventory planning in several ways. Pointed out the need to win the market must have the characteristics of the demand for enterprise tools and materials for enterprises to adopt a different inventory control in different ways. Articles by K company object of study, discussion and analysis of inventory and use the ABC classification method to determine the focus of the types of stocks for which the independence of the demand for products, due to the demand-side customers, the market is expected to grasp the non-corporate management can to the methods of controlling positioning of selected prediction tools, a more accurate grasp of market demand. For non-independence of the demand (related to demand) in accordance with different types of materials, inventory control to take a different approach to achieve the business three kinds of inventory cost (inventory acquisition costs, inventory holding costs, stock out cost) the balance of the operation.In this paper, the conclusions are as follows:1) Grasping the demand forecasts and strengthen inventory management is essential for an enterprise. Enterprises of different materials, different ways to control inventory2) The demand characteristics of the independent method of inventory control of materials is mainly on the types of prediction tools to reduce the lag in advance of production and the production probability of occurrence3) The demand for non-independent nature of materials, inventory control methods is based mainly on the different material properties of the procurement plan to adopt a different control mode. Consider three kinds of balanced consideration of the cost of inventory under the control methods.