Domestic pharmaceutical industry comparative analysis of innovation system
|School||Peking Union Medical College , China|
|Keywords||Pharmaceutical Industry Innovation system Drug R \u0026 D Proposal|
Innovation is the soul of a nation's progress is an inexhaustible motive force for national prosperity. At present, China vigorously promote independent innovation, building an innovation-oriented country to make a major decision. Pharmaceutical industry as an important part of our national economy and people's lives, health, national innovation system is an important component. Summarized and analyzed the characteristics of the pharmaceutical industry innovation system, drawing on foreign pharmaceutical industry innovation system construction experience, improve China's pharmaceutical industry innovation system, promote research and development of new drugs has important significance. This more systematic use of information science qualitative and quantitative research methods, such as literature research method, comprehensive analysis, expert interviews, field research method, SWOT analysis method, retrieve the 维普, Articles, PubMed, OVID, etc. foreign language database, reading a lot about the pharmaceutical industry, innovation and innovation systems related papers, chosen to the United States, Germany, Japan, India, China as the research object, the pharmaceutical industry on national innovation system structure, function orientation, innovation, characteristics and patterns and were more systematic, detailed comparative analysis. In the pharmaceutical industry as the breakthrough point, systematic, comprehensive and in-depth analysis of domestic pharmaceutical industry innovation system characteristics and mode characteristics, put forward a sound system of China's pharmaceutical industry innovation proposals where the innovation-oriented papers. Study found that national innovation system both in common pharmaceutical industry, also has its own characteristics. In composition, national pharmaceutical industry innovation system is substantially the same basic elements, namely by the government, enterprises, universities and research institutions constituted; besides me abroad, the United States, Germany, Japan, India's pharmaceutical industry innovation system are based enterprises subject. In the mode of operation, the United States government to create a favorable business environment for innovation, universities and research institutions engaged in basic research; German government focus on technical, economic and environmental development, given the long-term stable support, universities and research institutes for basic research and applications both studies, the university research system is the backbone; Japanese government to take active measures to guide and focus on supporting, universities and research institutions and enterprises in close cooperation, and promote the development of the pharmaceutical industry; Indian government formulated a series of industrial policy for the pharmaceutical companies to create a good innovation environment, universities and research institutions engaged in basic research and applied research; innovation system of China's pharmaceutical industry is characterized by a government-led, universities and research institutes as the main innovation, the enterprise has not yet become innovation. Give full play to the advantage of China's pharmaceutical industry, improve the innovation system of China's pharmaceutical industry, made the following key recommendations: First, establish and improve the pharmaceutical industry innovation system, the second is to strengthen the government management innovation, to create a favorable environment for innovation; Third, pharmaceutical companies adopt a multi- kinds of means to strengthen industrial innovation, improve innovation capabilities; Fourth, universities and research institutions to strengthen the basis of innovation.