The formation of U.S. policy in the early Cold War ,1947 -1950
|School||Shandong Normal University|
|Keywords||Grand Strategy Domestic political U.S. policy toward China|
In World War II , the U.S. government proposed a grand strategy to compete with the Soviet Union for world hegemony . China policy be included in the overall consideration of the U.S. global strategy . The characteristics of the strategic and domestic political reality destined to the U.S. government's China policy from the outset, caught in a self-contradiction . In early 1947 , the U.S. decision-makers from the strategic point of view , take a short break away policy of Chiang Kai-shek 's regime . In order to make the Euro-centric , the smooth implementation of costly strategy , under domestic political pressure , China policy be included in the anti-communist orbit . Therefore , since May 1947 , the U.S. policy toward China and steering limited aid , that aid to Chiang anti-communist . In the spring of 1949 , the CCP's victory for the United States to lose confidence in Chiang also for the purpose of sowing discord between Sino-Soviet relations , the U.S. government has diverted the \This time, however, the U.S. strategic guiding ideology tends to be rigid and tough domestic political environment has been seriously poisoned Acheson realism China policy will not work . U.S. government indecision , and ultimately it lost the opportunity to establish normal relations with the CPC , China and the United States embarked on the road of up to 20 years of confrontation . This paper argues that the grand strategy and domestic politics affect U.S. policy toward China two most basic , the most important factor . The strategy is costly and contrary to the traditional , to make it smooth implementation depends on domestic support . The U.S. government has always viewed from a strategic perspective with the Soviet hegemony and handles China policy , largely , the China policy as to win domestic support of its grand strategy of a bargaining chip . Members of Congress , the China lobby is the use of it , to promote the anti-communism of the grant Chiang for their own profit-making . U.S. general public has been kept in the dark , do not know the truth . The above aspects destined to aid Chiang anti-communism is the mainstream of the U.S. policy in this period , and final positioning does not recognize the new China its hostile coordinates .