China Poverty Research Outline
|School||Shaanxi Normal University|
|Keywords||China Poor Poverty line Absolute poverty Relative poverty|
In the contemporary world economic development, poverty progress of human society has always been plagued by a major question. Not only in developing countries and there is a huge area, and there is an upward trend in poverty, but also in economically developed European countries, there are a lot of poor people, poverty become the world to promote economic development in an important strategic choice. China is a developing country in the process of economic development, especially in the institutional transition, inevitably exist rabbit trapped phenomenon, but at a certain stage, especially with the state-owned enterprise operational mechanism during the conversion process a large number of the unemployed population growth will substantial increase in the poor, the rural poor and urban appear poor poverty are intertwined like a double. But in the current study Chinese poverty articles and literature, mostly focusing on the specific nature of this phenomenon described lack of theoretical depth discussion, especially the lack of application of the general principles of development economics and the actual conduct of a specific combination of China innovation theory perspective. This paper attempts to combine these two aspects of the rich \Paper is divided into six parts: The first part of the introduction, first a brief review of the history of research on poverty and the status quo, development economics and Chinese scholars have pointed out that the problem of poverty research exists on the three shortcomings: First, the economics of poverty Research into political economics, development economics and population economics among the poor no system of economic theory; Second is the question of poverty too single, linearization, the lack of multi-faceted perspective and analysis: three is too copies of attention due to the reality of poverty and its causes and historical factors, the lack of institutional analysis. The second part is the general theory of poverty. First, through literature review and study comparing Chinese and foreign scholars on the connotation and denotation sleepy, pointing out their poverty defined defect correction on the basis of the traditional definition of poverty, the poverty is defined by the institutional factors and non- caused by institutional factors that enable individuals and families to the basic material and spiritual can not be met in a state of survival. The definition of innovation is fully aware of the institutional factors causing poverty and poor individuals and families most basic spiritual needs two levels, expand the connotation of poverty; followed by brief introduction economists and sociologists Poverty theory, the more fragmented the past poverty theories about academics for a more systematic combing, and analysis and comparison of these theoretical innovations and inadequacies; finally introduces the problem of poverty research development economists latest theoretical advances and pointed out that the study on poverty in China some enlightenment in order to analyze the problem of poverty provide a broader perspective. The third part is China's current situation and characteristics of poverty. Briefly introduced China's poor areas and population distribution, on this basis, summed up China Poverty five characteristics: One is regional, ie poor areas and the mouth mainly in the Midwest, in the Midwest, he also Northwest, Southwest as the most important: the other is nationalism, namely poor areas and ethnic minority population is mainly concentrated in the region; The third is hierarchical, that poverty is mainly embodied in the dominant proportion of the rural poor and unemployed as a result of huge urban poor; The fourth is institutional, that China's biggest cause of poverty due to institutional factors; its five long-term nature and complexity of the actual situation in China decided that the problem of poverty is not something that can be resolved, it needs to go through generations, even centuries of unremitting efforts to resolve. The fourth part is the basic cause of poverty in China due. First, a brief introduction on the poverty of development economics micro and macro explained on the basis of analysis of poverty in China's basic causation: first, the natural causes, that is caused by the harsh natural conditions of poverty premise reasons; second , social and historical reasons, the backward mode of production, and on this basis, while derived backward traditional cultural attitudes and consciousness is caused by poverty-stricken areas, especially the rural poor historical factors, urban residents caused due to poor institutional transformation, but also the long-term historical factors accumulation of results; Third, uneven economic development in eastern reasons; fourth, family and personal reasons, that family structure differences and individual workers is caused by differences in endowments personality causes of poverty; Fifth, institutional reasons, Those who are the first areas of institutional change economy is relatively developed regions, the reason why poverty in poor areas, the reason is that institutional change lag; Sixth, the causes of unemployment; seventh, the reasons for lack of capital formation; eighth, the reasons behind the science and technology education ; ninth. Unequal distribution of income causes. The fifth part of China's anti-poverty measures design. China intricacies of poverty, the poor decisions we must take measures designed to \From a macro level, the central government should give full play to the dominant process in poverty status and role, through the formulation of preferential policies and increased investment two main ways to effectively alleviate poverty; from concept level, mainly through the Poverty Regional agricultural development, non-agricultural development and the development of township enterprises, system innovation and other channels, and promote the process of poverty alleviation in poor areas; from the micro level, should be to improve the quality of the rural poor themselves, change their concept of employment for the urban poor and other initiatives, raise their income level, to accelerate the pace of poverty. Part VI of the problem of poverty in China's basic trend. The front face of China's current situation based on the analysis of poverty, poverty in China reached four basic trends: first, to measure the level of poverty indicators show a rigid development. Poor structure will tend to three yuan of; Second, factors causing poverty, the history of weakening the effects of poverty, and the market economy led to the emergence of new factors of poverty increasingly firmer; Third, poverty and economic development levels are closely related to the phenomenon of reverse movement may also occur; Fourth, women, elderly and children will become the most talked about poor population groups.