Within the U.S. government about the transformation of the Central Intelligence Agency of the dispute ( September 1944 , January 1946 )
|School||Northeast Normal University|
|Keywords||U.S. Central Intelligence Agency Transformation of the dispute Intelligence community development|
With the approaching end of World War II, the U.S. Office of Strategic Services was established as an emergency wartime intelligence agency will complete its historic mission was withdrawn, the entire U.S. intelligence community has entered a period from war to peace time of transition phase. Thus, after the Second World War, the U.S. government took place within the debate about how to organize the establishment of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency after the war debate, this is the first time the U.S. government intelligence issues of great debate. The debate continued one and a half years, have included the State Department of the Army, Navy Department, the FBI, the OSS and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other senior government departments involved in key organizations, a total of five formal plan have been proposed. Controversy to September 20, 1945 Truman signed undo OSS Presidential Executive Order 9621 as a watershed, after gone through two stages: from September 1944 to September 1945 is the first stage to discuss the core issue is about the OSS fate of the issue, that is, whether the OSS slightly reorganized into the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in peacetime, to discuss the results in order to undo the OSS end; September 1945 to January 1946 was the second phase, discussion around how organizations postwar U.S. Central Intelligence agencies, which is discussed in a substantive stage, touched the core issue of formation of a new institution: institutional nature of the establishment, functions and other important issues, to discuss the final result is to establish the National Intelligence Council and the Central Intelligence Group. Thus opening up the U.S. intelligence community into a new era of peace for the future of the National Security Council and the CIA to establish the foundation. This paper is divided into three parts: First, before World War II and during the war of the U.S. intelligence agencies. Introduced before World War II the major U.S. intelligence agencies and unified intelligence claims raised. Second, after World War II by the U.S. intelligence community during the war transition to peacetime historical inevitability. OSS undo the U.S. intelligence community, there is a vacancy in a centralized intelligence is the U.S. intelligence community's internal restructuring, changes in the world situation after World War II is the transformation of the U.S. intelligence community's external. lt; WP = 4 gt; Third, the U.S. government on the establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency World War II debate. Strategic Intelligence Donovan Wan was first formally proposed the establishment of a permanent central intelligence agency claims. Subsequently, each of the major U.S. government departments have put the draft plan, until the National Intelligence Council and the Central Intelligence Unit established in the end.