Zhuhai different economic regions dietary and nutritional status of rural residents survey
|Course||Food Science and Engineering|
|Keywords||Zhuhai Rural residents Dietary Chronic Correlation|
Zhuhai in Guangdong Province, the Pearl River Delta cities, in recent years, rapid economic development and the improvement of living standards, to improve the nutritional status of Zhuhai farmers provide a solid material foundation. However, due to various areas, especially in Zhuhai uneven economic development in rural areas, coupled with health education and management foundation is weak, nutrition knowledge is not yet universal, and many other reasons, resulting in outstanding performance nutrition and health issues, presenting nutritional deficiency diseases caused by obesity and nutrition is not balanced, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases increased year by year the dual problem of malnutrition. If these problems can not be solved in time, is bound to the health of rural residents in Zhuhai serious impact in turn will affect the sustainable development of the rural economy in Zhuhai. Thus, the thesis of Zhuhai City, the rural population food consumption, nutrient intake level, diet and nutritional status of status and trends related diseases were analyzed to study the impact of population health dietary factors put forward to promote and improve Zhuhai rational nutrition countermeasures of rural residents, the results of this research can be developed for government decision-makers to improve nutrition and health promotion plans and strategies to provide a scientific basis. In this study, based on a random sampling method, Doumen District of Zhuhai City, the Bay Area, Gaolangang, hengqin, High-tech Zone (Tang) economic development of rural residents in different regions of the dietary and nutritional status survey and physical examination. Survey, including Zhuhai City West Dry Dry Qianwu Village 201, 153 Gaolangang sandstorm village residents, high-tech zones (Tang) ring after the village 130 inhabitants village 210 Bay Area residents of Siena, horizontal Qin hongqicun 141 inhabitants. Data statistics of various rural residents food intake, nutrient intake and the incidence of obesity and high blood pressure situation, and the normal group and the obese group, the normal group and hypertension group following comparison. Through dietary status survey and found that rural residents dietary structure is irrational. Zhuhai City, the existence of common nutritional problems in rural districts, mainly coarse grains, vegetables, fruits, milk and dairy products, beans and soy products, and nuts consumption low, resulting in vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin B1, potassium , calcium, magnesium, dietary fiber and other nutrients intake, chronic non-communicable disease incidence is high, especially hypertension and obesity; physical examination statistics showed that overweight population 337 people, accounting for 40.3% of the total number of surveys; There are 303 residents with hypertension, the total prevalence rate of 36.3%. The survey also found that 53.4% ??of hypertensive patients are overweight. These issues are not balanced nutritional intake particular, to promote energy metabolism is directly related to the lack of nutrients. This study further clarified the nutrition and the relevance of some chronic diseases. Through research shows, we must further increase the scientific knowledge of dietary publicity and popularization, improve people's health awareness, to improve their physique.