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An Ecocritical Study of Henry Thoreau’s Walden

Author TongHuiYan
Tutor JiangXian
School University of Foreign Trade and Economic
Course English
Keywords Natural Ecology The relationship of people and natural
Type Master's thesis
Year 2005
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Henry David Thoreau (Henry David Thoreau, 1817-1862) was a 19th century American Transcendentalism philosopher, writer, a pioneer of the contemporary environmental movement. In the mid-nineteenth century American transcendentalists, his name is almost synonymous with nature, because he dedicated his life to the natural, wrote a large number of literary works reflect on the relationship between man and nature. His work \Thoreau was still alive and have not been recognized by the same generation. With half of the twentieth century the rise of the global environmental movement, Thoreau was rediscovered works of a literary critic who study the hot. His masterpiece, \\This paper attempts to interpret textual analysis of \problems: the natural with people, nature and civilization maintain what kind of relationship to be conducive to the sound development of the entire Earth's biosphere? People how they should live? What kind of life is a life of spirituality, wisdom? This paper is divided into four parts. The first part of the context of the development brief ecological literary criticism, research, the purpose of the main theoretical sources. Ecological literary criticism of the late twentieth century with the ecological philosophy and the vigorous development of the environmental movement and the emergence of a new literary theory, the main content of their research is a natural, natural and human, natural and cultural relations in literary works in the expression and manifestation of the purpose is to awaken people's ecological consciousness ecological interpretation of literary works. Its main source of theoretical Leopold's land of Ethics and Deep Ecology thinking Nuys. The second part discusses the writing of \Mid-nineteenth century, the rapid development of industrialization. Industrial civilization has brought economic prosperity, but also to the natural environment caused severe damage; spiritual crisis gave rise to the spread of materialism. Thoreau toward compromise and reality Walden, to nature, to start their own spiritual exploration and life practice. The third part is the core of the full text. This part of the text analysis of \Henry David Thoreau in \He believes that human beings are part of nature, natural intrinsic value of its existence, man and nature relationship should be \\gt; rich and diverse lifestyle that consummation of the spirit from the spiritual life and poetic survival. Thoreau's ideas for contemporary ecological philosophy laid an important foundation. The fourth part focuses on the impact of \Thoreau is known as the father of naturalist literature, \Also face the ecological crisis and spiritual crisis of modern reading \

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