Dissertation
Dissertation > Industrial Technology > Automation technology,computer technology > Computing technology,computer technology > Computer applications > Information processing (information processing) > Pattern Recognition and devices

Research on Secure Fingerprint Authentication Based on Distance Projection Coding

Author WangRuiFang
Tutor LiuXia
School Harbin University of Science and Technology
Course Pattern Recognition and Intelligent Systems
Keywords Biometrics Template Protection Distance Projection Coding Biometric Cryptosystem Fuzzy Encryption
CLC TP391.4
Type Master's thesis
Year 2011
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Identification and authentication systems based on biometrics have gained more and wider applications because of their conveniences and securities. However, traditional biometric systems are faced with new challenges of stronger security with more and more people are privacy aware, and information confidentiality and integrity are common security necessities for any information systems regardless biometric or non-biometric authentication.Biometric cryptosystems refer to biometric authentication systems that utilize techniques of binding biometrics and information security systems together seamlessly. Biometric cryptosystems can also be viewed as security enhanced traditional biometric systems.In this paper, security metrics of biometric cryptosystems as well as that of traditional biometric systems are investigated. Current realizations of biometric cryptosystems are also investigated and compared.We propose a new primitive fuzzy encryption and specific schemes, with motivation of constructing biometric cryptosystems that ensure privacy of templates even when secret keys extracted from the public helper data are known and the secret keys are retrievable without recovering every exact detail of registered template.We also propose a new biometric template recovering scheme based on the designed Distance Projection Coding suitable for set based biometric template which may also introduce white noise on each element in the set, e.g., minutiae based fingerprint. In a word, we propose a full biometric cryptosystem used as secure authentication system for minutiae based fingerprint by combining the two proposals.

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