The Study of Words in Criminal Argot
|School||Xinjiang Normal University|
|Keywords||Criminal argot Lexical features System Description|
Argot is a social variant common language spoken in a particular social group, can be a reflection of the mentality of a community. The argot common language and social change with the times changing, and the two affect each other. The criminal argot argot is a major component, as an objective linguistic phenomenon, its vocabulary from a linguistic point of view the system little research. Combing the course of development and research on the basis of the Han nationality argot, the criminal argot included \The structural characteristics of rhetorical method of preparation, cultural connotation and semantic features were described and compared with the same point of common language or slang and differences. Through a comprehensive analysis of the vocabulary of criminal argot: syllable performance, the criminal argot two-syllable vocabulary with three-syllable vocabulary considerable number of the four-syllable vocabulary than monosyllabic vocabulary. In contrast, the common language places the two-syllable vocabulary-based, three-syllable vocabulary of less than two-syllable vocabulary. Rhetoric coinage, the criminal argot vocabulary, used figures of speech, metonymy, metaphor, the Wanqu occupy the top three. Lexical structure, the criminal argot synthesis vocabulary more, less simple vocabulary, which is consistent with the common language features. Synthetic vocabulary which the Youyi Bin vocabulary majority, Slang, slang based on partial formal vocabulary of the majority; the vocabulary overlap method to create, using the AA-based ABB type; criminal argot point affixes, which may be related to such criminal argot of popular dialect. In addition, by attaching \Semantic aspects, the criminal argot vocabulary univocal word dominant polysemy. Cultural connotation, the the criminal argot animals vocabulary reflects the unique Chinese animal complex; \These are consistent with the common language. Sufficient basis in the corpus, criminal argot separated from the argot, a separate study, and vocabulary system for a complete description of this the argot study refinement, I believe we help the later scholars; mortgage open the the criminal argot mysterious veil, to help people understand the unique communication tool for criminals.