A Study on Uygur-chinese Inter-sentential Code-switching Among Uygur Residents Urban in Xinjiang-taking Urumqi As the Sampling Place
|School||Xinjiang Normal University|
|Course||Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics|
|Keywords||Code-switching between sentences Uighur Chinese Structure|
Code-switching (Code-switching) is bilingual person in the same or different, then round, the two languages ??used interchangeably bilingualism or bilingual speech acts. This study was designed as a model to Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur discuss urban dimension between sentences appearing spoken code-switching phenomenon, trying to analyze code switching between the sentence types and their structural features. In this study, covert observation recording mode, a collection of family, friends, marketing, education, work a total of five language domain, different ages, gender, occupation, type of education, level of education Urumqi Uygur and Han people speaking naturally bilingual corpus, total duration of 72 hours 53 minutes 21 seconds, totaling 231 code switching between sentences appear small sentence. This study combines quantitative and qualitative analysis of the research methods, the main findings are as follows: First, in the present study, there were two types of code-switching between sentences. Among them, the sentences between two kinds of code switching between sentences accounted for the vast majority of code-switching, code-switching between the second clause. Secondly, the conversion between sentences can appear in either single words wheels, can also appear in the junction of the two words round, while the latter switching frequency is much higher than the former. Which, in the words of a single person, then wheel and two wheels at the junction, there were a \The switching frequency is higher than \In code-switching between clauses, there have been two kinds of complex sentences relations. Among them, far more than the combined prejudiced complex sentence complex sentence. In prejudiced complex sentence, there were seven kinds of complex sentences relations, of which the highest frequency prejudiced complex sentence is to supplement the relationship between the other six are: causality, hypothesized relationships, turning relations, time, concession relationship ends relationships ; no analogy between relations and conditions. Both in the United complex sentences complex sentences relations, relations to undertake the highest proportion, followed by parallel relationship; no choice relations and progressive relationship. Finally, regardless of code-switching between sentences between sentences or clauses appear in between, before and after the occurrence of code-switching two sentences or clauses, before and after conversion are in line with their respective rules of grammar in two languages, namely before the conversion of the sentence or clause comply Uyghur grammar, sentence or clause after conversion are in line with Chinese grammar. This finding Poplack (1981) findings are different. In the present study, the occurrence of code switching between sentences or sentences embedded clauses only fit the entire corpus language grammar rules, regardless of body language corpus constraints, and Poplack (1981) that code switching and mixing of the sentence is in line with the main rules of the language, but also meet the embedded language syntax rules, while this finding with Myers-Scotton (1993b) sentence based on the findings of code-switching is inconsistent, Myers-Scotton that sentence code-switching only fit body language grammar rules, and the study found that Chinese-dimensional code conversion occurs ingredients to follow Chinese grammar rules.