The Study of Offer Double Objects Construction
|School||Northeast Normal University|
|Keywords||Offer double objects construction Cognitive grammar Prototype Construction category|
Offer double objects construction is a kind of important construction type in modern Chinese .On the base of the existent researching, this paper uses the theory of cognitive grammar carrying on construction structure understand to it, prototype does it plan to construct, category analyses of it. The main contents include:1. Speaking from the form of the construction, we insist different nationalities have different culture; different culture shines upon out different grammar systems. Though double objects construction is the form of owning in common of a lot of languages, intension has nothing in common with each other. This paper will use the principle of distance iconicity in the word order principle of Chinese, the principle of temporal sequence (PTS), the principle of information center testing offer double objects construction is a reflection to Chinese nationality cognitive concept system. Proving construction characteristic and the value that exist of it with relevant relation of construction, thus the construction type is roughly understood.2. As a construction structure category, the form carries on a kind of idealized cognitive models (ICM) at the first of the category, it was key members of the this type that totally accorded with the ICM, through the discussion its concrete type, construction type changed, we sum up the characteristic of key members, regard it as the template, its outstanding characteristic shines upon the whole category, thus form the embryonic form of the prototype. Comparing the offer "Ba" construction, the prototype of our construction is constructed.3. The realistic society does not match with the cognitive mode of the ideal type perfectly, offer double objects construction is a construction category, its family system regards key member as the center sub category, the sub category of other prototypes of the family link with it through the family similarity. We will offer an atypical member of double objects through analysis - - the type, reason , influences of the NP which deviates from the prototype and the characteristics , types of non-giving verbs of the ordinary members, concrete research offers a huge family system of offer double objects, and probe into the important function on ordinary members of the whole construction.