Research on the Traffic Problem of Historic Block in the City
|School||Kunming University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Urban Planning and Design|
|Keywords||Historic Block Old City in Luoyang Planning of Road and Traffic Tourism Development|
Ruan Yisan is a professor of Tongji University in China, he is also a specialist of Planning in projecting Historic Block and he had ever said: "What can reflect a city’s special scene?——only it’s Historic Block in the city". For the old city of Luoyang, we should safeguard not only the abundant cultural objects and historic monuments, but also a few of Historic Block.As the acceleration of urbanization as well as the city construction, protection and renewal of Historic Block has become an urgent subject, it is more and more concerned. Historic Block contains integrated historical scenery, abundant culture connotation, and culture value. It also represents the feature of history and bears the life of modern people in such territories. The research on the traffic problem of Historic Block which based on protection of historical culture is one method of solving the traffic contradiction in Historic Block which is located in the city center today. The improvement of Historic Block’s traffic inherits the historical culture of a city, optimizes the environment of a city, and improves the living standards of residents which live in the Historic Block.First, the thesis studies theories of safeguarding and renewing Historic Block. They are the Sustainable Development Theory, Organic Renewal Theory, Dynamic Renewal Theory, New and Old Separating Theory and Cultural Ecology Theory. And these theories are briefly introduced and analyzed. The thesis also puts forward some traffic theories about Historic Block which combine a few of theories for modern city traffic and actual situation of Historic Block. They are Dredge Traffic Flow Theory, System Share Traffic Theory, Green Traffic Theory and Public Transport Priority Theory. And these theories are analyzed in detail.Second, the thesis studies the traffic problems of the Historic Block in the old city in Luoyang. It briefly arranges the history evolution and the street spatial pattern of the old town of Luoyang systematically, and finds out the historical cases about street’s present situation. The author also discusses static traffic, dynamic traffic and traffic problem in the city of Luoyang. The investigating dates are analyzed and concluded through a large number of basic materials.Final, basis on the tourism exploration of Historic Block and analyzing some successful cases at home and abroad, some measures are proposed to improve the traffic problems of the Historic Block.Safeguarding and renewing Historic Block should be a process that advances in regular order and continues self-improvement.