Cladistics Analysis of the Phylogenetic Relationships Among the Cotesia Flavipes Complex(Hymenoptera:Braconidae:Microgas-trinae) and Bionomic of Cotesia Glomerata as a Parasitoid of Pieris Rapae
|School||Hunan Agricultural University|
|Course||Agricultural Entomology and Pest Control|
|Keywords||The borer flavipes Cotesia composite group Phylogenetic Cladistic analysis The Pieris rapae disk Apanteles Cabbage butterfly Biological characteristics|
Borer Apanteles flavipes disc composite group Effects of Host flavipes complex ( Hymenoptera Head: Braconidae : the lower abdomen gifuensis subfamily ) distributed around the world five kinds and outgroup side Microplitis Microplitis and ditch abdominal Braconidae Diolcogaster the 70 traits , as well as composite group of five kinds of , and outgroup bollworm disk Apanteles the bee Effects of Host ruficrus , the the the armyworm disk Apanteles wasp Cotesia kariyai, butterflies disk Apanteles wasp Cotesia glomerata 67 traits , were carried out a comparative study , and use of support sequence analysis the Phylip Cladistic software in the composite group five interspecific phylogenetic relationships . Cladistic analysis showed the borer yellow enough Cotesia composite group is a monophyletic group , the stem borer disk of Apanteles C.chilonis and S. inferens Cotesia C.sesamiae relatives , Lo borer Cotesia C. chiloluteelli and Hanshou the Cotesia C.hanshouensis relatives , , the borer flavipes disk velvet Braconidae C.flavipes relatively independent . The above study shows that whether it is related genera as outgroup or belong to other species as outgroup , the results are basically could reflect a composite group of borer flavipes Cotesia various taxonomic status . In addition, through Larvae its parasitoid in - Pieris rapae disk velvet cocoon bee Cotesia glomegata (L.) indoor captivity , study of Pieris rapae Cotesia the Changsha area biology characteristics , the results show that in the Changsha, the Pieris rapae disk Apanteles bee January 2011 to July occurred at least four generations , from late April to the end of mid-July . The Pieris rapae January to July disk Apanteles parasitism four of the peak of early May , early June , late June , early July , the the parasitic rate range from 18.48% to 27.89% , respectively . The average duration from egg to adult ranged from 29.4 ℃ 13.5 days to 20.3 ℃ 16.2 days . The Pieris rapae Cotesia hi parasitic Pieris 2nd instar larvae , the larvae is not parasitic , rarely parasitic 4,5 larvae . Pieris rapae feeding honey the Cotesia life significantly longer than the the Pieris rapae Cotesia not feed honey .