An Empirical Study of the impact on the national economy of the demographic dividend
|School||Chongqing Technology and Business University|
|Keywords||Demographic dividend age structure dependency ratio labor Chongqing|
Economic development and population factors are inextricably linked. Determine the economic development of the population development,but the development of population,economic development has a certain reaction,such as population quantity,quality and structure of an impact on the economy and so on. The population age structure of the population structure of an important property,because both the production or consumption of the population at different ages are different,so the population at different ages for different effects on economic growth. In general,children or the elderly population in a larger proportion of the population,the social burden of higher production of low economic growth adversely. The proportion of working-age population high,the social burden lighter,stronger and productive population,social savings rate is also high,it will help economic growth.In this paper,domestic and international economic development theory and on the theoretical study of the demographic dividend is based,first,respectively,from Chongqing,changes in fertility and mortality,Chongqing City,the proportion of state population,all ages,the age structure of population of Chongqing Municipality,and several other aspects of state dependency ratio that the demographic dividend of Chongqing has formed and that the objective conditions of the city is in a golden age of the demographic dividend. Secondly,the existence of the first demographic dividend conditions were demonstrated,and future population of Chongqing bonus period is predicted. This article focuses on part of the change in population structure from Chongqing adequate labor supply arising from the perspective of empirical analysis of the demographic dividend of economic growth of Chongqing’s active role. Construction workforce of Cobb Douglas function of labor input to economic growth effects. Contribution made between the municipality and harvest the demographic dividend rate comparison analysis. Savings,primarily through the modeling of dependency ratio and savings relationship. Finally,the actual Chongqing,described fully reap the demographic dividend of the related countermeasures and suggestions. Mainly from the increased labor force participation rate,and improve the quality of workers,speeding up the transfer of rural surplus labor and improve discussed several aspects of the social security system.