The Study on Oil Exploitation of Xinjiang in the Republican China
|Keywords||Republic Xinjiang Petroleum Development|
Oil is a buried underground greasy natural combustible mineral . It is a high-quality energy , is one of the important material foundation for the development of a modern economy and society , has been hailed as the industrial blood . Xinjiang is rich in oil resources , the people very early beginning to recognize and use the oil . But has been using the primitive indigenous collect and process crude oil , resulting in a rich oil resources are not fully utilized . Until Xuantong first year ( 1909 ) , the Xinjiang Bureau of Commerce machine Dushanzi drilling the first wells purchased from Russia , was officially opened the prelude of the oil industry in Xinjiang . Republic of China, Yang Zeng , Chin , Sheng and the Kuomintang has ruled Xinjiang in their respective administration oil development in Xinjiang has traveled a different road , and after the First World War and after the War of Resistance Against Japan twice during development opportunities , but in the end did not form industrial system. Limited information is fragmented and lacking on the Petroleum Development of the Republic , the development and decline of the study of history is very weak . This paper aims to do a study on this issue , in order to reveal the conditions , characteristics and causes of this period oil exploration in Xinjiang .