Governance in the South China Sea: From the Aspect of International Regime
|School||Central China Normal University|
|Keywords||South China Sea the issue of dispute in the South China Sea governance international regime|
The issue of disputes in the South China Sea, which concerns the jurisdictional disputes between China and some of the Southeast Asian Countries in the South China Sea, is a great problem which involves our motherland and other related countries’ basic national interest and may affect the stability of the whole region. This thesis tries to probe the ways of effective governance in the South China Sea, by applying international regimes, in order to maintain the stability of the region and settle the disputes peacefully. The whole thesis is divided into three parts: introduction, main text and conclusion.The introduction investigates the status quo of the study of the South China Sea disputes and the significance of studying it, and gives the definition of international regimes and its value. The international regimes may be the effective way of settling the disputes in the South China Sea.The first part of the main text introduces the presence of the South China Sea. The reality of the South China Sea takes on a very complicated situation such as the occupancy by many countries; the disorder of exploration; the military competition in the South China Sea; and the interference of the great powers outside the region. The entire situation shows that there is the necessity to build the international regime of governance in the South China Sea.The second part focuses on the necessity and possibility of building the international regimes in the South China Sea. The relationship of the countries is mutual interdependence; in the meantime, China is implementing the strategy of peaceful development. So, the countries in this region have the political will to settle the disputes, and they propose many suggestions to settle the issue. All the effort makes the condition to build the international regimes.The third part analyzes the basic targets, basic principles and primary types of the international regimes of governance in the South China Sea. The basic targets are maintaining the stability of the region; cooperation; and avoid the interference of the great powers outside the region. The basic principles are consultation and negotiation, peaceful settlement of disputes, exercise of self-restraint, cooperation, and respect for the freedom of international air and maritime navigation, etc. The primary types are confidence-building regime, the dispute-settlement regime and the cooperating regime.