The Research on Problems and Countermeasures of Non-governmental Organization in Provision of Social Public Welfare in China
|School||Ocean University of China|
|Keywords||Non-governmental Organization Social Public Welfare Government|
The emergence of governance theory and civil society cause the government and society’s boundary tending to be clear. The government and the society become co-operation partners in provision of social public welfare. Non-governmental organization as an important social body besides government and market, its non-government, non-profit characteristics decide its advantage in provision of social public welfare. At present, the Non-governmental organization has undertaken more and more public management and public service function, becoming a main body to provide public social welfare, and becomes an important assistant in government management and public service, and plays an important role in realizing the social stability. At this stage, China’s non-governmental organization provides social public welfare is still in an exploration stage. Each place embarked from it’s own characteristics has implemented the positive practice, has yielded fruitful results, but there are still some problems not to be neglected. This paper takes the government with Non-governmental organization’s relations as a breakthrough point, and profits from the theory and experience which Western country Non-governmental organizations develop. We will systematically sum up China’s non-governmental organizations to provide social public welfare, analyze the difficulties which China’s non-governmental organization to provide social welfare, and finally explores countermeasures that the Non-governmental organizations to provide social public benefit effectively.This paper has mainly used three research techniques: First, comparison analysis. By analyzing domestic and foreign Non-governmental organization to provide social public welfare the present situation, the trend of development and the corresponding special operational policy measures, compares to China’s non-governmental organizations to provide social welfare of the status quo, and new ideas that suit to China’s national conditions by the non-governmental organizations to provide social welfare. Second, induction. Judging from some of China’s non-governmental organization in the provision of social public welfare practice, summed up some common problems to analyze. Three, empirical analysis. In light of China’s non-governmental organization to provide social public welfare in the concrete practice, analyzing the issues it exists, and exploring ways to further enhance China’s non-governmental organization ability to provide social welfare. This paper takes the non-governmental organization theory as a guide. The main line of this paper is the non-governmental organizations provide social welfare. First of all, it defines the non-governmental organizations, social welfare basic concepts. Secondly, it introduces the theory on the non-governmental organizations in the provision of social welfare basic theory. On the basis of these, it analyses the possibility of the non-governmental organizations to provide social welfare. Third, in light of China’s non-governmental organizations to provide social welfare practice, it has a summary and analysis of the existence of the problem: The public welfare consciousness flaw, for a "public corruption" and "inefficient public interest" and "public alienation" and other negative impacts; Non-governmental organizations own anergia, displays in the fund lacks, the funds insufficient, to lack autonomous, the autonomy, the good faith, the internal management mechanism insufficiently perfect and so on; The Non-governmental organizations validity is not high, displays in the law not perfect, the stability is bad and maintenance special groups benefit; The Non-governmental organizations the localization which relates with the government is unclear, to the government excessive dependence, plays the supplement role; lack of supervision and assessment, etc. In view of the problems which Non-governmental organization provides social public welfare, the paper will discuss the following aspects of non-governmental organization in provision of social public welfare effectively: Through enlarging the public welfare idea, the public opinion propaganda, promoting public welfare brand consciousness, enhancing and strengthening the credibility of professional ethics in order to reconstruct public welfare idea; through scientific and reasonable mechanism’s improving as well as expanding the fund raising channel, strengthening own good faith construction to guarantee that the Non-governmental organization’s ability promotion in provision of social public welfare; through the perfect law and the solve of personnel’s social security, builds good environment which is benefit to the Non-governmental organization to provide social public welfare; Establishes good coordinated interaction mechanism between the Non-governmental organization and the government; through strengthening the community of non-governmental organizations monitoring and evaluation system to improve the construction of non-governmental organizations to provide social welfare to assess the operation of the supervision.