The Research of Implementation Mechanism of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
|School||Harbin Institute of Technology|
|Keywords||Comprehensive Nuclear- Test-Ban Treaty International verification system Nuclear test monitoring|
Since the atmospheric nuclear tests conducted by the United States in March 1954 for the first time , the nuclear test caused widespread concern around the world . Thousands of nuclear tests resulted in intensified arms race to produce a new nuclear powers , and serious damage to human health and the global environment . United Nations General Assembly in 1996 passed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty , the treaty made ??by the international community to control nuclear armaments and prevent the global nuclear proliferation is an important outcome of international law , of which the vast majority of content on its implementation of the provisions of the mechanism . Implementation mechanisms to ensure that key provisions of the treaty to be implemented , but also the most important of the treaty , and therefore , the mechanism has the double meaning of the practical and theoretical study the implementation of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty . Through historical research, comparative study , normative analysis , can be found in the incomplete nature of the treaty implementation mechanism itself , there is the scope of verification is too narrow , the lack of verification , the lack of coercive force and sanctions , financial difficulties of implementing agencies and many other issues . Implementation mechanisms in addition to the existence of harsh mechanism of entry into force of the Treaty , random exit mechanism , equally serious impact on the effective functioning of the implementation of the mechanism . This case , the treaty implementation mechanism to determine the scope of verification should be appropriate to broaden the precise definition of \party to severe sanctions ; ensure adequate funding for the implementing agencies ; for entry into force of the treaty can be the implementation of the provisional application of the treaty ; strictly limited \Realize the comprehensive nuclear test ban so that the elimination of nuclear weapons , a long way to go .