Case studies of U.S. religious organization the Nation of Islam \
|Keywords||United States Black Muslim Nation of Islam Ethnic separatism Islamic universalism|
Black Muslim is an important part of American Muslims . For many African Americans , Islam they achieve racial equality and ethnic roots back , choose different from the Christian religious and cultural means . \In the early 20th century , the surging movement of blacks to become the harbinger of the African American Islamic religious movement , the emergence of a number of Enlightenment thinkers . \In 1930 , the \The basic idea of the organization early fylde - Elijah faith with a strong nationalist . Founder fylde and its successor Elijah the political and religious aspects of the practice of the \In the 1960s , the spread of Pan-Africanism and orthodox Islam Mull of Qom · Aix-en-Provence , the leader of the Nation of Islam \Himself in the ideological shift to the Nation of Islam began to face the contradiction between nationalism and Islamic universalism , but also for the Islamic nation, \In the 1980s , the political aspirations of African Americans and the spirit world to meet relatively further highlights the \\Blacks as a special group , has been recognized by the American society in the process , find a way to live in harmony with the American society . With distinctive characteristics of the \alternative flowers out of our comprehensive study of the impact of Islam still has a special significance.