Administration of Shanghai Public Archives
|School||East China Normal University|
|Keywords||File Information resource Public service Shanghai Municipal Archives Knowledge Management|
Archives and records management is a widespread and profound sense of social phenomena. File as a true record of human activity, is an important part of the cultural heritage of the country, is also an important social information resources, archives is to preserve and manage files institution. The true value lies not only in keeping local history Archives Local Records, lies Yew save the world, namely the possession of the file information is fully utilized. However, under the traditional system, it is often neglected. In China, with the increasing perfection of the socialist market economic system, the gradual transformation of the functions of the government, the public service functions of modern archives before people valued. Public service functions of the archives is to appear in the 18th century, after the French Revolution established the world's first modern meaning of national public archives. Since then, many countries in Europe and the United States, such as the United Kingdom, Finland, the United States, Canada and other countries have also established a public archives, and as an important part of the national public cultural undertakings. The development of the new file cause also experienced a from a closed to an open process. Clear understanding of what is a public service functions of the archives in the conditions of the socialist market economy and how to expand the functionality, became the files cause the further development of theoretical premise. This paper capture one case, of the Shanghai Municipal Archives tightly around the social and public services, through management practices from its inception in the collection of resources gathered in recent years, integration and providing access to the Shanghai Municipal Archives discourse, resolve the problems accumulated by the Shanghai Municipal Archives in the process towards urban public archives about philosophy, legal system, operating levels, and trying to structure, mechanism, according to the law regulating national archival resources reasonably integrated national archives resources effective use of the National Archives resources for the goal to find ways to solve these problems. The papers lay out the process, but also detailed descriptions of the individual domestic and foreign public archives building in the status quo and operation mechanism and management characteristics. Finally, the introduction of the concept of knowledge management, summarized the basic characteristics of the Archives Knowledge Management, File knowledge management should solve the problem list, as well as the feasibility of Applied Cognitive management, integrated management, career management, management theory to explore stressed from entity management to information management to knowledge management is the only way for the development of public archives, to respond to the international archival community has advocated in recent years - to meet the challenges of the electronic age, the archivist must be made by the entity curators knowledge by transition, public archives must be made by the Custodian era back custody of the era of transition - globalization concept of archival work.