The Research on Government Intervention of Public Utilities’ Monopoly
|Keywords||Utilities Government intervention Government regulation Antitrust Regulation|
Utilities monopoly is operating within the scope of the utilities industry is dominated by a few companies , and the corporate existence of monopoly behavior . Since the end of the 19th century , the utilities in the countries since the rise of large-scale government intervention process utilities facing a focus problem , that is, whether through the promotion and maintenance of its monopoly , or by breaking and curbed its monopoly to serve to safeguard the public interest purposes. Currently, government intervention in the public utility monopoly mainly two ways by government regulation and antitrust laws . Therefore , it is necessary to study the relationship between the angle from the coordination of government regulation and antitrust regulation utilities monopoly of government intervention . This paper first analyzes the meaning and characteristics of public utilities , and demonstrated the need for government intervention monopoly utilities . Then, through the analysis of the different periods of Western governments intervene in public utility model , different periods of government regulation and antitrust regulation is how to coordinate the promotion and maintenance of utility monopoly or break its monopoly . On this basis , combined with the background of the current Governments generally introduce competition mechanism in the field of public utilities , how to coordinate several models to achieve the interests of competition in the field of public utilities , the analysis of government regulation and antitrust regulation , and pointed out that the government regulatory agencies advantage of the anti - monopoly law enforcement agencies in cooperative mode . Different segments of the government regulatory agencies and utilities and how to intervene in the anti - monopoly law enforcement agencies envisaged . Finally, China's electric power industry , for example , to make recommendations for the future government intervention in the public utility monopoly .