Study on Reform of Agricultural Irrigation Water Charge for Youth Canal Irrigation District
|Course||Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering|
|Keywords||water price reform water charge reform permanent assets depreciation irrigation supply cost two-part price of irrigation water adding rate arousing rate bearing capacity the responsibility of government system reform|
The large-size irrigation districts not only are primary base of yield crops and high quality produce, but also are basilic mainstay of country economy in China. These irrigation districts were built during 1950s-1970s. No adequate funds were available for proper operation and maintenence, and hence the technical condition of engineering facilities deteriorated and benefits of projects decreased year after year. The unfavorable effects caused by low irrigation service charges are :(a) Farmers take no care in saving water. A lot of precious water had been wasted.(b) The managing staff of the irrigation systems had little initiative to improve the management, due to their low wages and poor living conditions.Therefore, the research on financing irrigation services is of great significance in China.A typical large-size irrigation system, Youth Canal Irrigation District (YCID), located in the Guangdong Province north of the Leizhou Peninsula was selected for research. Based on the "Discipline on the Managing of Water Price for Water Projects", this article studies the measures on the collecting, using and managing of YCID irrigation service charges.The thesis includes the following 6 chapters:The first chapter is exordium. At first it has done some analysis and conclusion on the studies about the development and course of the water price reform. And then it indicates the problem and resistance existing in that of China, indicates the necessity to carry out the reform.The second chapter is main work of introducing the elementary theory of water price reform, analyzing the interrelated affecting parameters and summarizing making principle and the calculation modes of water resource value, and then studying the standard of irrigation water price making in agriculture sustainable development.The third chapter introduces the essential situations of YCID, especially about thenecessity to carry out the irrigation water charge reform. At the same time, this chapter re-evaluates the irrigation supply cost of YCID according to "Disciplines on the Managing of Water Supply Price for Water Projects" scientifically.In the fourth chapter, the article makes the Two-part Price of Irrigation Water (TPIW) according to the Disciplines with the fact of YCID. TPIW still includes adding rate because of exceeding water ration and reducing rate in an abundant year with water. It will promote farmers to take care in saving water and the managing staff of irrigation systems to improve the management. At the same time, the article analyzes the bearing capacity to irrigation water charge.The fifth chapter analyzes the rest content of irrigation water charge reform besides water price reform of YCID, and puts forward the responsibility of government and administration in the reform progress of the methods of collecting irrigation water charge and management system.Finally, the sixth chapter summarized the full paper and put. forward the questions which need to investigate further more.